Ethereum 2.0 sharding

What is sharding in upcoming Ethereum 2.0?

Sharding is going to be scalability solution in upcoming Ethereum 2.0 and the enhancement hope for many other blockchains. Scalability is the speed key factor of the blockchain. This word is used to describe all the technology solutions which have the major goal: processing more transactions per second. Currently Bitcoin process about 3-7 transactions per second and Ehtereum about 7-15. With shards this result would be much increased.

What are the reasons of limited blockchain efficiency?
What's the main, basic idea of sharding?
What's the Blockchain Trillema?

I'm explaining in this article.


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